Ways to prevent foodborne illnesses during the summer - WLOX.com - The News for South Mississippi

Ways to prevent foodborne illnesses during the summer

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(Source: MGN) (Source: MGN)
MONTGOMERY, AL (WSFA) -

The blazing hot temperatures of summer create an ideal time for bacteria to grow, causing a perfect environment for foodborne illnesses at outdoor events such as weddings, picnics, camping and family reunions.

Recent foodborne illness outbreaks that resulted in hospitalizations should remind all Alabamians to follow safe food preparation and storage practices.

"We want to emphasize the importance of preventing foodborne illnesses that could make you and your family very ill," said Dr. Mary McIntyre, Assistant State Health Officer for Disease Control and Prevention. "Cross contamination of food can occur any time harmful germs, such as bacteria, viruses or parasites are transferred from one food, preparer, or surface to another. As food heats up in summer temperatures, germs multiply rapidly." 

Remembering to handle potentially hazardous foods properly can help ensure your family and guests have a safe and healthy summer.

Symptoms of foodborne illnesses include fever, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, chills and abdominal cramps.

Pregnant women, young children, elderly adults, and people with medical conditions have a higher risk for developing a foodborne illness.  

"Minimizing the time foods are held in the hazardous temperature zone will lessen the chance of acquiring a foodborne illness," said Ron Dawsey, deputy director of the Bureau of Environmental Services. "The time-proven rule of keeping cold foods cold and hot foods hot applies."

Some important tips to help prevent foodborne illnesses can be found below.

Clean

Wash hands (running water and soap for 20 seconds) before and after going to the bathroom, changing diapers, and handling and feeding pets.

Wash all surfaces with hot soapy water before and after preparing each food item.

Use paper towels to clean up kitchen surfaces. If cloth towels are used, select the hot cycle on washing machine to clean.

Rinse all fresh fruit and vegetables, including those with skins and rinds, under running water.

Do not wash raw poultry before cooking, because bacteria in raw poultry juices can be spread to other foods, utensils and surfaces.

Rub firm-skin fruits and vegetables under running water or scrub with a clean brush.
Clean the lids of canned foods before opening.

Separate

Avoid direct contact between raw food and ready-to-eat food during transport, storage and preparation.

Separate raw meat, poultry, seafood and eggs from other food in the grocery cart, grocery bag and refrigerator.

On the lowest refrigerator shelf, store raw meat to prevent blood from dripping on other foods.

Use one cutting board for produce and a separate board for raw meat.

Never place cooked food on surfaces that previously touched raw meat.

Do not reuse marinades.

Cook

Cook food to the correct internal temperature to kill harmful germs that cause illness.

Use a food thermometer to measure the internal temperature in various places.

Cook ground meat and poultry to the correct temperature, not by color.

Cook eggs until yolk and white are firm.

When using a microwave, cover, stir and rotate food for even cooking.

Reheat sauces, soups and gravies to a boil.

Chill

Refrigerate or freeze meat, poultry, eggs, seafood and other perishables within two hours of cooking or purchasing.

Refrigerate within one hour if the outside temperature is above 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

Do not overfill the refrigerator. Cold air must circulate to keep food safe.

Keep refrigerator at 40 degrees Fahrenheit or below.

Use an appliance thermometer to measure the inside refrigerator temperature.

Never thaw food at room temperature. Food must be kept at a safe temperature during thawing.

Three safe ways to thaw food include: in the refrigerator, in cold water, and in the microwave.

While marinating, always store food in refrigerator.

Divide leftovers into shallow containers for quicker cooling in the refrigerator.

Eat or throw away refrigerated food on a regular basis and pay attention to expiration dates.

If a foodborne illness is suspected please contact your local health department immediately. Many times calls from concerned citizens are the way outbreaks are first detected. A list of phone numbers for county health departments can be found here

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